Gods of Jade and Shadow. Yukateeks Maya. Naar de inhoud springen. Startpagina Algemeen Geschiedenis Mooiste huis van nederland, economische en. Genieße Mayan Gods und mehr auf Betsson! Spiele die besten Slots Spiele online! Registriere dich jetzt und sichere dir den Willkommensbonus. Aztec kings rule through skillful alliances, marriage and murder. They build remarkable cities and their systems of education and religion flourish until strange.
SamenvattingMythen · Fabelwesen · Mystisch · Mexiko · Runen. Mayan gods Symbole Und Ihre Bedeutung, Okkult, Schamane, Zeichenkunst, Mythen, Fabelwesen. Voor vrijwel elk mayan van hun bestaan hadden kaiju een god. En al barbados casinos goden hadden hun eigen kenmerken, nukken en wensen. Geen wonder. SEE THE MAYAN GODS | Hampton, Cecil | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.
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The Mayan people had an extensive pantheon of deities since they had a polytheistic belief system. The religion was based on a number of creation mythologies which described how humans came into being, how the world and the cosmos was created and what were the main tasks of different gods.
Among the notable Mayan gods were the Mayan maize god called Yumil Kaxob, the god of thunder and rain called Chac and others.
Human sacrifices were routinely offered to the gods as a means of pleasing them and as a tribute to help them carry on their work.
Acat was a Mayan deity who was primarily associated with the art of tattooing. Huracan was one of the most powerful deities in the Mayan pantheon.
Chaac was the Mayan god of thunder and rainstorms. Mayans believed that when Chaac struck with his axe, it produced lightning and thunder.
Mayans also associated Chaac with the four cardinal directions. There is even some evidence that Ix Chel is not this goddess's name, but whatever her name was, Goddess I is the goddess of the moon, childbirth, fertility, pregnancy, and weaving, and she is often illustrated wearing a lunar crescent, a rabbit and a beak-like nose.
According to colonial records, there were Maya shrines dedicated to her on Cozumel island. There are many other gods and goddesses in the Maya pantheon, avatars of others or versions of Pan-Mesoamerican deities, those who appear in some or all of the other Mesoamerican religions, such as Aztec, Toltec, Olmec, and Zapotec.
Here are a few of the most prevalent deities not mentioned above. Bicephalic Monster: A two-headed monster also known as the Celestial Monster or Cosmic Monster, with a front head with deer ears and capped with a Venus emblem, a skeletal, upsidedown rear head, and the body of a crocodile.
Diving God: A youthful figure that appears to be diving headfirst from the sky, often referred to as a bee god, although most scholars believe he represents the Maya Maize God or God E.
Fat God: A huge potbellied figure or simply a massive head, commonly illustrated in the Late Classic period as a bloated corpse with heavy swollen eyelids, refers to sidz , signifying gluttony or excessive desire.
God C: The personification of sacredness. God E: The Maya god of Maize. God H: A youthful male deity, perhaps a wind god. Hun-Hunahpu: Father of the Hero Twins.
Jester God: A shark god, with a head ornament that resembles that used on a medieval European court jester. Long-nosed and long-lipped deities: Numerous gods have been called long nosed or long lipped; those with upward-turning snouts are associated with serpents, those with downward curving snouts are birds.
Pauahtun: The Skybearer god, who corresponds to the four directions and appears in both single and quadripartite form God N , and sometimes wears a turtle carapace.
Scribal gods: Numerous avatars of gods are illustrated sitting cross-legged and writing: Itzamna appears as a scribe or a teacher of scribes, Chac is illustrated writing or painting or spewing out numbers strips of paper; and in the Popol Vuh are illustrated the monkey scribes and artists, Hun Batz and Hun Chuen.
Ek was the god of war, human sacrifice, and violent death. In addition to these, there were patron gods, 13 of the upper world and nine of the lower, plus numerous calendar gods who posed for glyphs.
Other deities, such as Kukulcan and Chac Mool, came into the line-up as the society changed in Post Classic times.
To the common man, who lives or dies by the cycle of rain and drought, Chac remains the god most frequently involved in daily life.
Remember Me. Read our cookies policy. The Maya worshipped many gods. Posted By: Dattatreya Mandal September 30, As we have discussed previously in many of our mythology-covering articles , the pantheons of most historical cultures entailed a dynamic scope rather than a static capacity, wherein deities and their narratives evolved with time.
In essence, the Mayan deities were treated as supernatural entities, who while being powerful, could also be tricked and even killed by the cunning mortals.
In any case, in this article, we will aim to cover some of the major Mayan gods and goddesses who were venerated across most city-states.
It was later transcribed and translated to Spanish in the early 18th century. Also, note that in scholarly texts many of the Mayan gods and goddesses have their letter-based designations like God B or God D.
In the mythical narrative, his rulership over this vast and seemingly contrasting domains is borne by innate and even arcane knowledge, as opposed to supernatural strength and unquestioned royalty.
To that end, he was often portrayed as a toothless old man with an amiable demeanor, hooked nose, large eyes, and a cylindrical hat — alluding to his leadership qualities.
In some instances, he is perceived as the son of Hunab Ku — the might yet capricious creator god who brought about floods to end the race of humans.
Contrastingly, Itzamna poses as an antithesis of his father, since he aids the Maya people by inventing writing, calendar systems, agriculture, sciences, and medicines.
Simply put, he is perceived as a cultural figurehead who lays down the foundations of a civilization that is to flourish later. And talking of relations, Itzamna was also identified as the husband counterpart to Ix Chel or Goddess O — and together they were venerated as the couple that gave birth to an entire generation of Mayan gods.
A nature god, Yum Kaax is the god of wild plants and animals, the god of the woods. He is the god venerated by hunters and by farmers, who hunt wild animals or carve their fields out of his forest.
The Mayans had both a female and a male maize god and both a simple vegetative god and a more powerful, tonsured male maize god.
The tonsured maize god personifies maize, cacao beans and jade. He is a patron god of the scribal arts, dancing and feasting.
Mayan kings often dressed as the maize god during rituals of his life, death and regeneration. Hunab Ku is a pre-Columbian god whose name translates as the only God or the one God.
Scholars are still debating whether Hunab Ku is an indigenous god or a creation of the Spanish. Most think he is indigenous.
Kinich Ahau is the sun god of the Mayans, sometimes associated with or an aspect of Itzamna.